Category Archives: faith

How much do we believe?

A short while ago I posted a piece about Daniel Dennett and his rant against religion and faith. This week he cropped up again in a similar vein. He recently wrote an article for the Washington Post entitled Non-believing clergy: Now what will we do? The thrust of the article is that Dennett, along with his co-writer Linda LaScola have found clergymen who say that they don’t believe the doctrines that they preach from the pulpit. He has found five such individuals, and questions almost gleefully, whether this is the tip of an ice-berg.

I am sure Mr Dennett is a charming and intelligent man, but he certainly seems to have an axe to grind against the church in general and the clergy in particular. Although I don’t share his views on faith, I have to admit that his piece reminded me of a lady from an evangelical church in my home town who proclaimed secretively but knowingly “There are some Church of Scotland ministers who aren’t saved!” Now, for those not familiar with Scottish presbyterianism, the national church isn’t known for being evangelical.

Two things strike me about Dennett’s article: The first is that it is hardly news that there are some members of the clergy who have questions about their faith. This can be put even more strongly. If there is any clergyman or woman, in any denomination, who has no doubts whatever about their faith then they are either saints or have missed the point somewhere. As I understand my faith and the theology that underpins it, it is difficult to think that any of us will ever have perfect understanding, and complete confidence, before we see eternity. There are many of course who understand far more than I do, although I suspect I still see further into Mr Dennett’s chosen subject than he does.

The second thought that came to my mind was a sermon I once heard which highlighted exactly what Dennett is trying to poke at. The speaker was telling of how he had been engaged in a conversation with someone on the subject of faith. This other person had said to him “Oh, you must be one of those born-again Christians”, to which our preacher replied “Is there another kind of Christian?”

Now, when I heard this I understood exactly what the preacher was saying but have been surprised over the years at the reaction to the story when I have told it. I am certain that I saw our previous minister’s eyebrows shoot up in horror. This is one of those sensitive areas in church life where it is unseemly to question one another’s faith. And of course, we shouldn’t. We should encourage one another in love. Even if they are our minister, pastor or priest.

But when we come to deal with those, like Daniel Dennett, who would seek to criticise, how should we stand? The best answer is probably to ignore these people, confident in what we know. As one minister said to me once, “When we get to heaven, the most surprising thing won’t be the people we recognise. It will be the people we expected to see that are missing!”


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Business ethics: are they enough?

I have been reading a document published recently by the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants entitled Incorporating ethics into strategy: developing sustainable business models. The institute, more usually known as CIMA, is known along with other professional bodies, for its integrity in the accountancy field and has  strict rules covering the conduct of its members. I must declare an interest at this point and say that I should know – I am one of those members.

It struck me when the report landed in my in-tray that it was worth a read from a Christian perspective. The central thrust of the research is that in order to develop enterprises which are sustainable in the long term, ethics need to be built into the core of business strategy. This is very laudable and there is nothing in the report that, as a Christian, I would have any quibble over. I couldn’t help but think though, that there was a certain something missing.

Long term sustainability says something to me about stewardship. What we have isn’t ours but the Lord’s and it is incumbent on Christian businesses and more particularly, Christian accountants, to look after it all for the future. No argument there then.

But as the report acknowledges, there are difficulties in defining what ethics are. As an example it asks the rhetorical question “Should an armaments business quit markets where bribery is rife or simply behave better than its rivals?” A Christian might turn this around and ask whether a business should be selling armaments at all? The difficulty hints at the broader problems faced by a secular world without a foundation. Without a rock to base our beliefs on, what is right? What is ethical?

Certainly CIMA members are governed by the institute’s own code of ethics which covers integrity, objectivity, professional competence and professional behaviour. These set high standards and rightly so. One role of all the accountancy bodies is to provide society with professionals that can be trusted and relied upon. The code covers how the accountant should do his work, but goes no further. Again, as a Christian I feel a sense of something lacking. If an accountant is also a Christian, does that mean he can lay his Bible aside when he pulls out the Taxes Management Act? I don’t think so.

Unlike businesses, Christians don’t (or shouldn’t) have a problem with knowing what is ethical (or scriptural). We may have difficulty translating what we read into our daily lives but that isn’t an excuse for not trying or being more open to the Spirit. I firmly believe that there is as much wisdom and teaching in scripture as any business needs.

But do Christians have higher standards than secular business? We maybe need to be a little careful about how we answer questions like this, but I think in this case, the unavoidable answer is, yes we do. Should businesses have an obligation to feed the poor, and love their neighbours? Should scripture be used in dealings with customers, suppliers and employees? For big corporations the answer should be yes anyway. Particularly if they are managed by Christians, scriptural principles should indeed be found in these areas and even more so for small businesses owned and managed by Christians.

It is perhaps a difficulty that Christian professionals have to face, but surely not an insoluble one. Scripture should be an integral part of the work they do and, at the risk of being controversial, this should take precedence over observation of ethical codes. We would hope there would be no conflicts. After reading this report my conclusion was that Christians who direct, own or manage businesses and adhere only to ethical guidelines are in a sense falling short in their faith. Certainly, ethics aren’t to be ignored, but are there any higher standards in the panorama of human life than those set by our Lord? I don’t think it is a controversial claim to suggest that businesses which follow scripture will in any case be seen as ethical by the secular world.

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The Fruit of the Spirit

Sermon given at Eglise Presbyterienne, Kigali, 7th March 2009

Galatians 5:16-25
John 15:1-8

1. Introduction

In the past few weeks the word love has found its way into the theme several times. Which has to be a good thing. This is a church after all and we are Christians; love is what we are supposed to do and there would be something wrong if love didn’t keep appearing in what we talk about.

So this week I am going to expand on the idea of love and take a look at the fruit of the Spirit, because each of the fruit stem from the first fruit of love. Let’s look again at the passage from Galatians 5:22

But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control. Against such things there is no law.

It is no coincidence that love is the first fruit that appears on the list. Of all the qualities that mark a Christian this is the one that permeates everything. This is the fruit from which all the other fruit stem.

Each fruit could be given a sermon on its own, so I am not going to go through each one in depth here. Instead I would like to look at what all the fruit mean to us and how they relate to a Christian life.

Before going on, there is something about this list that is worth noticing: “Against such things there is no law.” Now Paul was referring to Jewish law, but for the same reason we could make the same statement today. Across humanity, across all cultures, across continents and time, these virtues are seen to be good, not something to be outlawed.

Another point to pick up here is Paul’s use of the word ‘fruit’. In fact that wasn’t what he wrote at all. The word he used was karpos, meaning fruit as it is picked. In English, the word ‘fruit’ can be both singular and plural and, as we will see, Paul is using it in both senses here. Yes, each fruit can be seen as an individual characteristic, but in another sense they are each bound to each other as the one fruit that is developed by the Spirit.

2. What are the fruits?

So, what are the fruit of the spirit, or even what is the fruit of the spirit? Well, the easy answer is love, joy, peace, patience … but that really misses the point. These aren’t qualities that Paul is instructing us to adopt and build into our lives. What is important here is to understand that these are qualities developed in us by the Spirit.

In the previous section, Paul talks about the acts of a sinful nature. He lists sexual immorality, impurity, debauchery, idolatry and witchcraft. The list of fruit that follows is in stark contrast. As humans, we are sinful by nature. Does that mean we are bad people? Well, yes, in a way it does, especially if we allow ourselves to be gratified by the desires of the sinful nature as Paul puts it. There is some deep theology here that goes all the way back to Genesis and the Garden of Eden, but the good news is that we are forgiven, through Christ, and that we don’t have to stay that way.

Paul urges us to live by the Spirit so that we can be free of this old life. Paul says

But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you won’t fulfil the lust of the flesh. For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; and these are contrary to one other, that you may not do the things that you desire. But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law.

So, walking by the Spirit, (that is the World English Bible translation) or living by the Spirit (as in the Ne International Version) is the focus of what Paul is urging us. The fruit of the Spirit are a consequence of this choice of lifestyle. But let us leave this just now and pick it up again later. Before that it is worth reminding ourselves of what happens when we make this choice.

2.1 Love

So, taking the most important fruit first, what is love? The Greeks had several words with different meanings which all translate into the English word love. The word Paul uses is agape, meaning kindness or benevolence. This isn’t intimate love with someone we are close to but an all-encompassing goodwill that comes from the love God has for us his children. It is a love that is kind (we will come to kindness shortly) and enduring. The passage from 1 Corinthians 13 has been read three or four times in as many weeks but is always worth going back to:

Love is patient. Love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud.

Love is an unselfish concern for others. It is putting others before ourselves. How do we know that this one fruit is the root of the others? Well, one clue is the greatest commandments:

You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.


You shall love your neighbour as yourself.

Another clue comes from Paul in his first Corinthian letter.

If I speak with the languages of men and of angels, but don’t have love, I have become sounding brass, or a clanging cymbal. If I have the gift of prophecy, and know all mysteries and all knowledge; and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but don’t have love, I am nothing. If I dole out all my goods to feed the poor, and if I give my body to be burned, but don’t have love, it profits me nothing.

We can know our Bible verses, we can give to the poor, we can pray; but if any of this is done without love, it counts for nothing. Perhaps this is what we mean when we say ‘God is love’. Love is the bedrock, the foundation of what it means to be a Christian and to follow Jesus.

2.2 Joy

So having laid the foundation, next on the list is joy. We don’t live in a particularly joyful world, do we? It isn’t hard to look around us and see the suffering that comes from hunger or the stress of over-working. Look at the faces of people begging for money on the streets. I don’t see much joy there.

Yet here it is on the list. Wouldn’t it be good to have some joy in our lives? Love your neighbour as yourself. What impact will we have on the world if we meet people with a smile and an enthusiastic handshake that makes them glad to have met us?

2.3 Peace

Peace is something that I have often missed in my life. Some definitions of peace are tranquillity or a sense of inner fulfilment. Again, looking around us peace is something that can be easily broken. This country has been through times where peace has been decidedly absent. Even in recent weeks we are reminded that peace is a very fragile flower.

We live in a world of conflict where east rubs against west and terrorism has become a global threat. There has probably never been a period in history, certainly recent history, where there has not been war in some part of the world or other. Yet it is easy to become part of this world and to learn to live with this absence of peace. We get used to it.

And here it is as the third item on Paul’s little list. If we walk in the Spirit as he urges us, peace can be  ours despite all that is going on around us.

2.4 Patience

Next we come to patience, sometimes translated as long-suffering. Now I shouldn’t really be talking about this. Patience is not something that radiates particularly  from my character, and I know whose fault that is.

A custom I have learnt here in Rwanda is the paper queue of cheques along the counter at the bank. When I began to get impatient one day, wondering why after twenty minutes I didn’t seem to be getting any closer to being served, I noticed that people were coming up to the counter and putting their cheques at the front of the queue. The locals were very amused when I started moving these cheques to the back of the line.

Impatience doesn’t do us any good. When we are impatient, we don’t think clearly, we rush and make mistakes; we forget things and end up places without remembering the reason for going there. Impatience causes frustration, and where there is frustration, there probably isn’t much room for God in what we are doing.

2.5 Kindness

If there is a lot of impatience in our lives, there is unlikely to be a lot of kindness, the next fruit. Being kind to others takes an effort, and usually involves time. Being kind means turning our attention away from whatever urgency is screaming at us, and giving that attention to someone else.

And that is a real effort, certainly for me. It is very easy to go through each day with nothing in our mind but the immediate, the urgent, the top priority. I know some people that live each minute of their lives dealing with each new thing the world with all its serendipity throws at them. That’s not to say they aren’t kind people underneath, but it is a big effort for them to let that kindness out.

Kindness is thinking and doing for others, and to repeat Paul’s teaching about the necessity for love, if kindness isn’t shown with love, then it counts for nothing.

2.6 Goodness

Now we are on to goodness as a fruit. This one is a little harder to put a finger on than the fruit we have met so far. Goodness is one of those things that everybody can recognise, but maybe can’t quite describe.

Goodness, I think, is more than just doing what is right. Besides, in a world where God’s word isn’t always read, who is to say what right is? I think it is more than being just being kind or joyful or patient.

Paul says of the fruit that there is no law against them. There is just something about goodness that is recognised by anybody, anywhere as being virtuous. The humanists in the world might refer to a spirit of humanity. In Africa there is a word ‘ubuntu’ which captures the nature of goodness nicely to my mind. Bishop Desmond Tutu said it nicely. He put it this way:

A person with Ubuntu is open and available to others, affirming of others, does not feel threatened that others are able and good, for he or she has a proper self-assurance that comes from knowing that he or she belongs in a greater whole and is diminished when others are humiliated or diminished, when others are tortured or oppressed.

For us, goodness or ubuntu, however you think of it, comes from God. It is a fruit the Spirit will grow in us.

2.7 Faithfulness

The next fruit is another that will only come to us from the Spirit – faithfulness. The Old Testament Jews weren’t particularly faithful to God. The various kings in Judah and Israel either walked in God’s ways, obeying his laws or not, as was more often the case, particularly in Israel.

If there is one aspect of God’s character after love that could be pointed to, it might be his faithfulness. For all our failings, for all that the human race has turned its back on God, he hasn’t turned his back on us.

People who are faithful don’t let you down when the going gets tough. They don’t walk away because we have done or said something to upset them. People who are always there and are still there after years aren’t as common as we might hope. This is possibly one of the key features of a successful marriage, again after love. No marriage is without its trouble and difficult times. The ones that last, and funnily get stronger in the lasting, are the ones with faithfulness.

2.8 Gentleness

Moving on to gentleness, we can look to Jesus as being the best example of how we should live our lives if this fruit is growing in us. Yes, Jesus could be tough when he wanted. He wasn’t being gentle when he overturned the tables in the temple, or when he called the Sadducees and the Pharisees a brood of vipers.

But time and time again, he dealt with people in gentleness. When the adulteress was about to be stoned, Jesus was gentle when he said that he didn’t condemn her, but serious when he told her to go away and sin no more.

Gentleness isn’t weakness or being mild-mannered. Gentleness takes strength and self-control, because often it is at times when gentleness is most needed that we lose that control. Wouldn’t it be good to be able to face the troubles of each day and deal with people in a way that Jesus would approve without resorting to anger and aggression?

2.9 Self-control

And self-control brings us to the last of the fruit, but possibly the one that enables all the others. Earlier we read Paul’s urging that we should live by the Spirit and not gratify the desired of the sinful nature. It takes self-control to do this.

Self-control is not giving in to the temptations of life. We live in a world where many people are driven by the need to find instant gratification. The quick fix, learning theological metaphysics in five easy steps, getting rid of our problems now not later. This all stems from a short-termism which stops people looking ahead and investing in a better future rather than being slaves to immediate want. There are another three sermons if anybody wants on modern-day consumerism and spending to satisfy immediate wants.

Self-control isn’t just about not flying off the handle in rage when something upsets us. It comes from being able to look ahead; to see the bigger picture and realise that the immediate problem isn’t such a big deal in the context of everything else. As Christians we have the promise of eternity. With that to look forward to, people putting their cheques into the front of the queue at the bank should hardly bear thinking about.

3. Staying on the vine

So there they are. The nine fruit that Paul tells us are what we will experience if we walk in the Spirit. I don’t know about you, but when I look at this list the biggest thing I experience is a sense of inadequacy.

It is easy to think of the fruits as being some kind of check-list for Christians. Like Boy Scout badges, characteristics that we must collect and build into our natures so that we become better people or more like Christ.

In fact, nothing could be further from the truth. If we read Paul carefully, nowhere does he say that we must strive to acquire these fruit. The only instruction he gives us is to walk in the Spirit. The fruit are the consequence of how we live our lives; something that the Spirit cultivates in us, not something we grow by our own efforts.

And this is one of the points in the Bible where we have to understand what we have read but then take another step to realise the implications. In our faith, we have to recognise that there is more to this world than what we can see and touch and smell. The Kingdom, and with it the influence of the Spirit transcends the physical boundaries of the world that we live in. It exists now, has always existed and exists into the future. There is more to this world than we can experience with our five senses.

I would not like to give the impression that I believe in the supernatural. But if we take the literal meaning of that word – above nature – and read Paul’s message, we can see that there are other forces at work here on planet earth. I don’t mind people knowing that I believe the Spirit will work in me and everyone here. And that certainly isn’t natural, at least not in the sense of coming from nature.

So if our own effort – trying harder, praying longer, reading more of the Bible – isn’t going to grow the fruit of the Spirit, how does this happen? What do we have to do to ‘walk in the Spirit’ as Paul puts it?

Look at John 15:5

I am the vine. You are the branches. He who remains in me, and I in him, the same bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing.

The answer is, hang on to the vine! Jesus is the source of the goodness, kindness, patience and all the other things that flow through us. But that can’t be the whole answer, or at least it doesn’t help us understand how we apply this to the reality, the busyness, that is our daily lives. What exactly might ‘hanging on to the vine’ mean? What has to happen so that the Spirit can do its work?

4. Letting it happen

An obvious answer is prayer. We should all spend some of our time in prayer. And just like the fruit of the Spirit aren’t like Boy Scout badges to be collected, prayer isn’t about giving God a daily list of wishes. Prayer should be about asking to be changed in ways that we have not yet imagined. Yes, we are told that God will answer our prayers and our wishes, but how much more could there be to our lives if we were to ask God to use us in his way, for his purposes?

I think that another answer has something to do with how we see the world. Certainly we can try to remember to be patient, and put reminders in our diaries to do kind things for others. These are surely not wrong, but will come more naturally and feel less contrived if the Spirit has led us to those things in the first place. So when we come across someone in need, and that isn’t difficult in this country, has God just given you an opportunity to help? Perhaps it is just coincidence, but that doesn’t stop you helping anyway and thanking the Lord for being able to.

Another hint might be that, whenever we come across something of beauty, to recognise that it comes from God. The colours on a bird, a lingering sunset, a new birth. These are all from Him, and part of the world he created. Take time to appreciate, and most importantly, recognise and give praise for the world that God has given us.

Even inspired works of art. The Cistine Chapel might be one example. Other examples that have inspired me are the Gothic cathedrals In Europe. These are magnificent pieces of architecture seven and eight hundred years old. They are built out of carved stone and demonstrate the sheer artistry of masons that had no more than basic tools to work with. The effort of thousands of people took many years to construct these wonderful buildings which could only have been accomplished out of a love for God.

The beautiful things around us are easy to spot. But sometimes God acts in our lives in subtle and less obvious ways. John Ortberg, who is an author I have mentioned before, gives an example from a children’s book called Where’s Wally? For those that haven’t met Wally, he is a character with a red stripy jumper and red stripy bobble hat. On each page in the book, which is filled with red stripy things, Wally is hiding somewhere. Wonderful fun for children of all ages trying to find Wally.

As we fly through our daily life it is easy to forget that Jesus is there all the time. When we are waiting in the queue at the bank and the person in front is paying in deposit after deposit, just remember to ask for a little patience. We might meet someone only briefly, but could make a difference in their lives just by asking why they have been sent to us just at that time.

‘Hanging on to the vine’ I think, is a recognition that Jesus is with us all day every day, wherever we go and whoever we meet. Like a faithful friend, always there. If we walked around with someone at our side, somebody that we could see and touch, we wouldn’t ignore them. We would talk to them. We would ask them questions.

So when set out in the car, let’s remember that Jesus is in there with us and drive as he might want us to. When we go to the busy supermarket, just take time to think that he is there helping us push the trolley. Before we go into a meeting at work that we might not be looking forward to, take Jesus into the meeting with you and remember some self-control.

If can hang on to the vine, we will surely begin to recognise in ourselves a more loving, peaceful and joyful nature.


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Dennett and Darwinism

I have been reading Daniel Dennett’s book Darwin’s Dangerous Idea. The dangerous idea being of course that evolution could occur, in all its complexity, from simple and mechanistic beginnings.

Dennett’s survey of the discipline had been rational and well described until page 154 where objectivity and rationality fly out of the window. Within a paragraph the text dissolves into a rant against religion or faith (Dennett doesn’t seem to be sure which) based on the presumption that Christians are either unable or unwilling to engage in rational discussion about their faith. The words he puts into the Christian mouth are certainly not recognisable as claims that would be made by any Christians I know. The tenor of the text is patronising to say the least. Two weaknesses in Dennett’s approach seem apparent to me:

Firstly, when dismissing God as an alternative to mindless algorithmic processes as posited by Darwinian science, Dennett appears to have conducted little or no research into the religion or faith that he disregards so easily. Moreover, had he done so he would understand the difference between the two.

Secondly, in seeking to deny God as creator, Dennett seems to satisfy himself by attempting to show that Darwinism might be able to explain how life today developed from a primordial cell. It strikes me that this is a particularly unscientific approach: in the absence of evidence, let’s assume that there might be evidence.

Dennett claims to be trying to break down a prejudice. It seems as if the only prejudice is his own. I will continue with the book to see how objectively he is able to discuss the alternatives. Watch this space.

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Dare to believe

Belief in God implies acceptance of scripture as truth and also a reliance on that truth. Where is our belief if we don’t rely on God, but instead try to fix the problem ourselves? When things go wrong, or not as we had hoped, how can we say we believe when we refuse to recognise that God is in control?

Unless we ask for help, how can we say we believe? And unless we ask in full expectation that our prayer will be answered, where is our belief? Even when the outlook is apparently rosy, are we following our own plans or His?

So does God expect us to do nothing but pray? are we to do nothing for ourselves? This has been a question that has vexed me for a long time. I had come to the conclusion that God doesn’t expect us to sit around and wait for Him to do all the work. But we need to be careful here that the work we are doing is His will and not ours. Understanding this requires prayer and meditation on scripture.

This is God’s kingdom, but it is us who are the kingdom (at least its subjects), not God. Part of our believe is demonstrated in doing His will. Perhaps a measure of our belief is in what we do of our own volition.

Give, and it will be given to you: good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over, will be given to you. For with the same measure you measure it will be measured back to you [Luke 6:38].

Perhaps our focus should be on what we do for others rather than on how God can supply our wants. If we listen to the Spirit’s leading, perhaps we can be the answer to someone else’s prayers. With that outlook maybe we will grow to be more confident that our needs will be met, even before we have prayed –

Therefore don’t be anxious, saying, ‘What will we eat?’, ‘What will we drink?’ or, ‘With what will we be clothed?’ For the Gentiles seek after all these things, for your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things. But seek first God’s Kingdom, and his righteousness; and all these things will be given to you as well. Therefore don’t be anxious for tomorrow, for tomorrow will be anxious for itself. Each day’s own evil is sufficient. [Matthew 6:31-34]

Dare we go through life with an absolute reliance on God as this passage tells us? Why not? Where is our belief if we don’t?

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A sad comparison

It is difficult not to be sympathetic to the angst of Jade Goody as she tragically plays out the end of her life in the same self-made publicity as she has courted until now. Goody it was, who in 2007 infamously left the Big Brother house amidst allegations of racism against a fellow contestant.

Even so, it does occur to me that the anger and self-pity stands in stark contrast to another cancer sufferer, Jane Tomlinson, who in a similar position became a supreme example of courage, grace and love. Tomlinson died in 2007 and her name has appeared among the recent headlines because her charity has now raised over £2 million. The difference between the two women could not be more stark.

I wondered if Tomlinson was a Christian. There is no mention in her obitiary, but as a demonstration of selfless giving for others there are many Christians who could do worse than follow her example. It is certainly not apparent that Goody is a Christian despite her desperation to be married in church, and for her sons to be baptised.

I hope Goody has indeed found Christ in her last days. If she has, it will be doubly tragic that she will be remembered less for her faith than for her notoriety as one of a generation for whom self-promotion and fame became the only reasons for their existence.

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There’s probably no god

This post is probably a little past its sell-by date, which is a pity because I had been hoping the atheists’ advertising campaign would have gained a little more momentum than it has until now. Since October, a group of atheists have been running an advertising campaign on the sides of buses across the UK. The message is “There’s probably no God – Now stop worrying and enjoy your life.”

Two things strike me. The first is that it is somewhat amusing to see a group of people spending not insignificant amounts of energy and money advertising something that they don’t believe in. If there is no god, why are they so worried that they feel they have to advertise the fact? The second is that having paid for the advertisements, they don’t seem particularly confident about their message. That even the atheists aren’t prepared to state clearly that there definitely is no god simply invites questions from those who haven’t found Him yet.

Which is wonderful news for Christians. Jesus hasn’t had such good publicity since he raised Lazarus from the dead, and ironically, paid for by people who deny Him. May this campaign encourage thought and questions. God has nothing to fear.

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